Dogase Masato is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Multicultural Studies, Nagoya University, Japan. His doctoral dissertation is on the history of Japanese cinema, especially its early days (1910-20s). His main focus is on film directors’ roles and figures in the history of Japanese film and society. However, he does not simply engage the depiction of famous directors’ biographies, but makes an issue of our imagination in which we, as recipients of film works, frequently watch and investigate, assuming those directors’ roles as the central “author” of their works. When and why did we begin to conceive film directors’ authority in the cinematic culture? According to his view, both in the Japanese film industry and its discourse, those directors emerged from the Japanese modernization process of the early 20th century and profoundly related to the incoming American culture and Japanese modernity.