Ryoko Kosugi is a Ph.D candidate in the Department of Sociology, Tohoku University, Japan. Her dissertation focuses on a comparative analysis of student movements in Japan and in the United States in the 1960s. The Japanese and American student movements in the 1960s had in common a direct action-oriented strategy, the idea of participatory democracy, criticism toward the role of the university in capitalistic society, and the process of each campus conflict. However, while it is widely recognized that the youth revolts of the 1960s are strongly related to the present form of civil society in the U.S., the relationship between Japan’s student movement and the current Japanese civil society remains unclear. In planning her dissertation, her goal is to better understand the legacy of the student movement in the 1960s for the present Japanese civil society by comparing it to the American case and pointing out the differential factors between the student movements in two countries.