Joseph Siu Kam-wah, Chinese University of Hong Kong
Abstract: Previous studies on Guandong Province conducted by Chinese and Japanese scholars, including studies of Japanese colonial institutions, have covered the aspects of colonial rule, the judiciary, education, industry, commerce, society and cultural invasion, etc., but have not thoroughly investigated various social services run by public and private institutions. Based on Japanese archives of social work in Guandong Office, Guandong Province and Manchuria, this paper examines the comprehensive Charity Funds and Child Scholarship Funds of the Imperial Gift Foundation, the most representative and largest-scale private funds, by analyzing its organization, operation, services and development. Through this paper we can better comprehend the social services provided in Guandong Province including social relief, medical and protection services and the education of women and children, which have been ignored by previous studies. These two funds helped to ensure a basic quality of life for the Chinese (including Manchurians) in the province in terms of basic needs, medical and health care, life protection, the education of women and children, economic life, and social service coordination, etc. under the Japanese policy of harmony and mutual prosperity. They alleviated the social and living problems caused by the Japanese invasion and devastation there to a certain extent.
Keywords: Guandong Province under the Japanese Occupation, Charity Funds and Child Scholarship Funds of the Imperial Gift Foundation, Social Relief Work, Medical Services and Protection, Education of Women and Children
關鍵字: 日佔關東州 , 恩賜財團慈惠資金與兒童奬學資金 , 社會救濟 , 醫療保護 , 婦童教育
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