Roger Shih-Chieh Lo 羅士傑
Historical Inquiry 臺大歷史學報 71, June 2023
Abstract: Most research on the Bureau of Investigation Statistics (Military Commission, known as “Juntong”) has centered on Dai Li (1897-1946). The Juntong usually has been regarded as a mysterious and ruthless hive of assassins, thus research has tended to be focused on underground criminal societies, political violence, and related phenomena. This approach has led to a shallow, imprecise understanding of the Juntong, as well as lack of insight into its actual operations. For the present study, a local history research approach was adopted to disclose and present the complex relationship between the Fuzhou Firefighter Association and the Juntong as two distinct organizations which involved emerging social groups in local political operations during different eras of 20th-century. In particular, this article examines the developmental history of the Fuzhou Firefighter Association and the Juntong’s Minbei Station in Fujian Province from 1890 to 1952. By adopting a bottom-up historical perspective and emphasizing personnel development, it explores how the Bureau of Investigation Statistics (Military Commission) and the most significant local social organization in the Fuzhou area from the late 19th century, namely, the Firefighter Association, formed an alliance. Based on the results of this research, it offers a reassessment of the developmental trajectory of local politics in Fuzhou.
About the author: Roger Shih-Chieh Lo was a HYI Visiting Scholar from 2019-20.